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Moscow subway has always been and still is the pride of Muscovites. This is the quickest, the most reliable, the most comfortable and cheap way to get to any place of the capital. It is not for nothing that Moscow subway takes the first place in the world per the number of transported passengers. Moscow subway is the tourist attraction and is famous for its architecture and history. Everyone who visits Moscow certainly goes down into the underground palace”, decorated with basil and marble in order to admire mosaic, sculptures and glass paintings.

The question of construction of underground road in Moscow was raised at the end of XIX century. In 1890 the population of the city exceeded one million and the city literally suffocated without city transport. Among submitted projects the most reasonable was the project of engineer P. I. Balinskiy which was declined for some reasons. The question was raised again in 1912 when the population approached 2 million people, but the First World War frustrated all the plans. 

In 1930s Moscow again the capital of Russia suffered terrible transport crisis. A group of engineers developed the project of subway consisting of circular and radial lines. From 1931 digging commenced. The first pit of Metrostroi was in Rusakovskaya street. Builders of capital subway were gathered from the whole country — about 100 thousand. More than 500 plants were organizing production of new equipment. But still there was lack of equipment and part of work had to be done by hand. Builders lived and worked in extremely difficult conditions but the enthusiasm was so high that people did not leave pits for 3—4 shifts. Thus the construction was completed in 2 years. In 1935 train operation started. The first train consisted of four carriages. The line length was 11,6 km. The train traveled from “Sokolniki” to “Park Kulturi” station, intervals between the trains were 5 min. Along the line 13 stations and 17 entrance halls were constructed. Their decoration required many tons of marble, basil, semiprecious stones; one used also decoration ceramic, mosaics, frescoes, sculptures. The beauty of stations, escalators boggled imagination. Sometimes people went to subway only to admire the stations.

Since that time subway is still under construction and development. Even during the Second World War construction did not stop. In 1945 thelength of rails was 37 km.

The first turnstile appeared in 1952 at “Krasnie vorota” station. In 1954 the Circle line was completed and there appeared trains consisting of 7 carriages. Thorough radiofixation of all carriages was finished by 1965.

For 30 years — from 1961 to 1991 the cost of travel in subway had been 5 kopeks.

Today 180 stations of 12 lines of Moscow subway are notable for complete safety of train operation, favorable climatic conditions at stations and in tunnels.

There is a constant renewal of equipment, reconstruction of old stations and opening of new ones.  Much attention is paid to the passengers’ safety. There are regular inspections of stations and railway vehicles, subway premises are under constant control of policemen. At most of stations one installed data terminals — red and blue columns of emergency call. To get the information it is necessary to push the button on the blue side, to inform about the incident — on the red side.

The detailed light displays will help you to easily find the necessary station. The doubtless advantage of Moscow subway in comparison with European subways is that on walls at the places of entrainment there indicated all stations through which the train will pass (the same information is contained in light displays) and next to passages leading to the transfer station there is also a list of stations of the direction for which the transfer takes place.

Moscow subway works from 5:25 a.m. tо 1:00 a.m. At the same time it is necessary to consider that at many stations having two or more exits only one is opened within the whole working day and other works per shortened schedule (information can be received from the tables at the subway entrance). At 1:00 a. m. sharp escalators for passengers’ entrance and in passages stop and all stations operate only in exit mode. The last trains in radial lines pass the central stations at about 1:20—1:30 a.m. During some holidays (Easter, City birthday, New Year and so on) the city or subway administration makes decision to extend working hours of Moscow subway.