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Saturday
Dec172011

Cities, Climate Change,Sustainability

 

Urban Planning for Climate Change

by

Edward J Blakely

 

 Scientific opinion is now unanimous that global temperatures are likely to continue to rise

with concomitant extreme weather patterns and events. There is a protean body of scientific

literature available on global warming and climate change, which is affecting urban living

in every respect from ‘heat islands’, continuous light and sea level changes as well as

severe droughts and floods paralysing urban areas. Urban planning implications are

reflected in buildings, street and community design for more environmentally sustainable

cities. The urban science related to climate change and its implications for human

settlement is in its early stages. Nonetheless, climate change is already becoming a concern

of insurance and actuarial industries as they begin to assess risk to human settlement,

construction and other risks associated with atmospheric conditions. These cannot be

anticipated and need to be examined with a new paradigm for urban problem solving.

 Full Article http://blakelycitytalk.squarespace.com/storage/New_Orleans_Urban_Planning_for_CC_-_Blakely_2007.pdf.pdf 

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Keys to the New Metropolis: America’s Big, Fast-growing Suburban Counties

 This article explores the state of the 50 largest, fast-growing, suburban counties in the U.S., arguing that they are key to understanding the changing nature of U.S. metropolitan areas in the early 21st century. These counties contained over 26 million residents in 2000, or more than 1 in 11 Americans. Their residents were clearly more diverse and occupied more densely built environments in 2000 than was the case just 30 years before. As a result, though they are not truly urban, they are very different from suburbs of the past in form and character. Our four case examples trace development trends, transportation improvements, and changing politics in these increasingly complex, post-suburban places. We recommend that planners focus on the future in these places, even when they are booming, anticipating the unique challenges they will face as their growth slows. These similar counties face common problems, and may benefit from sharing successful strategies for making themselves more attractive and economically viable in the long run.

Full Article http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01944360508976709

 

Four-fifths of Americans now live in the nation’s sprawling metropolitan areas, and half of the world’s population is now classified as “urban.” As cities become the dominant living environment for humans, there is growing concern about how to make such places more habitable, more healthy and safe, more ecological, and more equitable—in short, more humane.

This book, edited by Rutherford H. Platt, explores the prospects for a more humane metropolis through a series of essays and case studies that consider why and how urban places can be made greener and more amenable. Its point of departure is the legacy of William H. (Holly) Whyte (1917–1999), one of America’s most admired urban thinkers. He laid the foundation for today’s smart growth and new urbanist movements with books such as The Last Landscape (1968). His passion for improving the habitability of cities and suburbs is reflected in the diverse grassroots urban design and regreening strategies discussed in this volume.

Some of the chapter contributors are recognized academic experts, while others offer direct practical knowledge of particular problems and initiatives. The editor’s introduction and epilogue set the individual chapters in a broader context and suggest how the strategies described, if widely replicated, may help create more humane urban environments. Certain essays directly relate to Whyte’s own interests, such as the design of city and regional open spaces, public attachment to city parks, and the use of zoning incentives to create public spaces. Other chapters discuss twenty-first-century dimensions of the humane metropolis that we assume Whyte would embrace today, including social and environmental equity, regreening of brownfields, ecological rehabilitation of closed landfills, green building design, urban watershed management, and the idea of ecological citizenship.

Summary of Contents

Introduction: Humanizing the Exploding Metropolis
Part I: “The Man Who Loved Cities”
Part II: From City Parks to Urban Biosphere Reserves
Part III: Restoring Urban Nature: Project and Process
Part IV: A More Humane Metropolis for Whom?
Part V: Designing a More Humane Metropolis
Epilogue: Pathways to More Humane Urban Places

Contributors
Carl Anthony, Thomas Balsley, Timothy Beatley, Edward J. Blakely, Eugenie L. Birch, Colin M. Cathcart, Steven E. Clemants, Christopher A. De Sousa, Steven N. Handel, Peter Harnik, Michael C. Houck, Jerold S. Kayden, Albert LaFarge, Andrew Light, Charles E. Little, Anne C. Lusk, Thalya Parrilla, Deborah E. Popper, Frank J. Popper, Mary V. Rickel Pelletier, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Robert L. Ryan, Lauren N. Sievert, William D. Solecki, Ann Louise Strong, Andrew G. Wiley-Schwartz

Full Article http://www.lincolninst.edu/pubs/images/1157_Humane%20Metropolis.jpg